700+ Assam History GK MCQ PDF (Chronologically) with Previous Year Questions (Part 1)

History Of Assam in Brief

Assam history was considered to be started from the 4th century because there is no book or novel that tells about the history before the 4th century. The available written history of Assam starts with the Kalika Puran, which tells about the history of the 4th century. The Kalika Puran is one of the oldest manuscripts that give insight into the ancient history of Assam. It covers various topics such as the origin of the Brahmaputra river, the founding of the Kamarupa Kingdom, and the construction of several temples and monuments.

Assam history is divided into four eras, namely the Ancient era, Medieval era, Modern era or Colonial era and the Post-Independence era. The ancient era starts from the 4th century and extends up to the 12th century. The medieval era covers the period from the 13th century to the 18th century. The colonial era refers to the period from the 19th century to the early 20th century when the British ruled the region. The post-independence era covers the period after India gained independence in 1947.

Assam History Parts in Details

Era or Parts of Assam HistoryTime Period
Ancient History of Assam400 CE to 1200 CE
Medieval History of Assam1200 CE to 1826 CE
Modern History of Assam1826 to 1947
Post-Independence History of Assam1947 to till date

Though there’s no such written information about the history before 4th century but through some source few information has been gathered and named this era as Pre-History Period of Assam.

Assam History GK MCQ PDF – Part 1(Chronologically)

Pre-History Period Of Assam

1.The History of Assam can be divided into_____ eras.
A. 3 eras
B. 4 eras
C. 5 eras
D. 6 eras
Answer: B. 4 eras.

2.In Ancient times, Assam was known by the name of
A. Kaliabor
B. Guwahati
C. Pragjyotisha
D. Charaideo
Answer: C. Pragjyotisha

3.Which one of the following epics is considered as the highest source of the
Prehistory period of Assam?
A. Mahabharata
B. Harshacharita
C. Kalika Puran
D. Arthasastra
Answer: C. Kalika Puran

4. Who was the earliest king of Pragjyotishpur?
A. Bhasakar Varman
B. Mahiranga Danava
C. Narakasura
D. Banasura
Answer: B. Mahiranga Danava

5.Mahiranga was Sanskritized from
A. Nilachal
B. Chitrachal
C. Patkai
D. Mairong
Answer: D. Mairong

6.What was the ancient name of Assam mentioned in Ramayana and
A. Kamarupa
B. Indraprastha
C. Pragjyotishpura
D. Assam
Answer: C. Pragjyotishpura

7.According to Ramayana, Amurtyaraja was the founder of the kingdom of?
A. Pragjyotisha
B. Kamarupa
C. Harupeswar
D. Cooch Behar
Answer: A. Pragjyotisha

8.Narakasura founded which dynasty?
A. Pala dynasty
B. Varman dynasty
C. Salasthamba dynasty
D. Bhauma dynasty
Answer: D. Bhauma dynasty

9.Ghatakasura was killed by?
A. Narakasura
B. Bana Raja
C. Mahiranga Danava
D. Bhasakar Varman
Answer: A. Narakasura

10.According to Pre-History sources, the mother of Narakasura was
A. Dharitri
B. Hidimba
C. Usha
D. Ulupi
Answer: A. Dharitri

11.Ghatakasura was a ruler of the
A. Aryans
B. Kirats
C. Dravidians
D. Mongolians
Answer: B. Kirats

12.Who was killed by the first Naraka King Narakasura and established the
Bhauma dynasty?
A. Pushyavarman
B. Ghatakasura
C. Bhaskarvarman
D. Gopala
Answer: B. Ghatakasura

13.Name the two medieval texts that were compiled in the region of Assam:
A. Ved and Puran
B. Kalika Purana and Yogini Tantra
C. Kaunji Khel and Yogini Tantra
D. Namanjali and Kirtan
Answer: B. Kalika Purana and Yogini Tantra

14.The tantric text “Yogini Tantra” is dedicated to the worship of two
goddesses. One is kali and the other one is?
A. Mahamaya
B. Kamakhya
C. Tara Devi
D. None of the above
Answer: B. Kamakhya

15.According to which of the following ‗Purana‘, the temple of Kamakhya was
in the centre of Kamarupa?
A. Vishnu Purana
B. Kalika Purana
C. Shiva Purana
D. Yogini Tantra
Answer: B. Kalika Purana

16.According to the Kalika Purana, Naraka the mythological ancestor of the
Varman dynasty was the son of:
A. Varaha form of Vishnu and Bhumi
B. Kartick form of Shiv and Parborti
C. Srikrishna
D. None of the above
Answer: A. Varaha form of Vishnu and Bhumi

17.Ranapith, Kampith, Swanapith and Saumarpith were the four divisions of the
ancient Kamrupa. Which of the following historical composition mentions
about these four divisions?
A. Yogini Tantra
B. Kalika Purana
C. Vishnu Purana
D. Mahabharat
Answer: A. Yogini Tantra

18.Hinduism was established in Pragjyotishpura by the king
A. Narakasur
B. Sri Krishna
C. Bhagadatta
D. Banasur
Answer: A. Narakasur

19.Naraksur was killed by
A. Shiva
B. Sri Krishna
C. Bhagadatta
D. Banasur
Answer: B. Sri Krishna

20.Who killed Mura, the general of Narakasura?
A. Shiva
B. Sri Krishna
C. Bhagadatta
D. Banasur
Answer: B. Sri Krishna

{Lord Krishna killed Mura, Narakasura’s general. Thus Krishna is called
‘Murāri’ (the killer of Mura)}

21.According to the epic Mahabharata, who ruled the Pragjyotishpura kingdom
during the Kurukshetra war?
A. Bhaskarvarman
B. Bhutivarman
C. Narakasur
D. Bhagadatta
Answer: D. Bhagadutta

22.Which Kamrupa King took part in the Battle of Kurukshetra (the
Mahabharata War)
A. Naraka
B. Bhagadatta
C. Bhaskarvarman
D. Vajradatta
Answer: B. Bhagadatta

23.In the Battle of Kurukshetra, Bhagadatta fought on the side of
A. Kauravas
B. Pandavas
C. Arjun
D. None of the above
Answer: A. Kauravas

24.What was the name of the elephant of Bhagadatta?
A. Supratika
B. Chetak
C. Langie
D. Ramu
Answer: A. Supratika

25.What is the name of the Parva of Mahabharata which mentions the valour of
A. Adi Parva (The Book of the Beginning)
B. Bhishma Parva (The Book of Bhishma)
C. Drona Parva (The Book of Drona)
D. Karna Parva (The Book of Karna)
Answer: C. Drona Parva (The Book of Drona)

26.Bhanumathi, The daughter of Bhagadatta was married to
A. Arjuna
B. Karna
C. Duryodhana
D. Dushasan
Answer: C. Duryodhana

27.The Dighali Pukhuri in Guwahati is associated with
A. Harjaravarman
B. Narakasura
C. Bhagadatta
D. Bhaskarvarman
Answer: C. Bhagadatta

28.In Kurukshetra war, Bhagadatta was slaied by
A. Nakul
B. Sri Krishna
C. Arjuna
D. Bheema
Answer: C. Arjuna

29.In ancient times who was the king of Vidarbha?
A. Bhishmaka
B. Narakasur
C. Bhagadatta
D. Marichi
Answer: A. Bhishmaka

30.Rukmini was the princess of
A. Kundil Nagar
B. Kamrup
C. Tezpur
D. Sadiya
Answer: A. Kundil Nagar, Sadiya

31.Rukmini was the daughter of
A. Marichi
B. Narakasur
C. Bhagadatta
D. Bhishmaka
Answer: D. Bhishmaka

32.Who built Kundil Nagar on the bank of Kundil River?
A. Banasur
B. Bhishmaka
C. Narakasur
D. Bhagadatta
Answer: B. Bhishmaka

33.In ancient times, Kundil Nagar was also known as
A. Bhismaknagar
B. Sonitpur
C. Pragjyotishpur
D. Hidimbapur
Answer: A. Bhismaknagar

34.Asura Kingdom (Sonitpura Kingdom) was established by
A. Bhishmaka
B. Narakasur
C. Bhagadatta
D. Marichi
Answer: D. Marichi

35.Who was the contemporary of Narakasur in the middle Assam?
A. Pushya Varman
B. Salastambha
C. Bhagadatta
D. Banasur
Answer: D. Banasur

36.Sonitpur was the capital of which king?
A. Narakasura
B. Bana Raja
C. Mahiranga Danava
D. Bhaskarvarman
Answer: B. Bana Raja

37.The father of Bana Raja was:
A. Bali
B. Prahlad
C. Hiranyak
D. Bhishmaka
Answer: A. Bali

38.Tezpur was ruled by which of the following king when Shri Krishna came
for the rescue of his grandson Anirudha?
A. Bhismaka
B. Brajadutta
C. Ban Raja
D. Narakasura
Answer: C. Ban Raja

39.According to the legends, Banasura, the powerful Asura king of Sonitpur
A. 100 arms
B. 1000 arms
C. 10000 arms
D. 10 arms
Answer: B. 1000 arms

40.Who was the daughter of Bana Raja?
A. Usha
B. Radha
C. Rukmini
D. Srimaya
Answer: A. Usha

41.Who married Usha, the daughter of Asura King Bana?
A. Krishna
B. Bhagadatta
C. Aniruddha
D. Rukamabir
Answer: C. Aniruddha

42.Who abducted Aniruddha from Dwarka through supernatural powers and
brought him to Usha?
A. Usha
B. Radha
C. Rukmini
D. Chitralekha
Answer: D. Chitralekha

43.Aniruddha was the grandson of:
A. Shiva
B. Vishnu
C. Krishna
D. Brahma
Answer: C. Krishna

44.Usha, the daughter of Asura king Bana and prince Aniruddha had a secret
marriage called
A. Charivari
B. Melding
C. Chaklang
D. Gandharva
Answer: D. Gandharva

45.Banasura the king of Sonitpur was a great devotee of:
A. Shiva
B. Vishnu
C. Krishna
D. Brahma
Answer: A. Shiva/Hara

46.Mahabhairab and Rudrapad temple of Tezpur was built in the reign of
A. Pushya Varman
B. Salastambha
C. Bhagadatta
D. Banasura
Answer: D. Banasura

47.The Nagsankar Temple is believed to be built by
A. Bhaskarvarman
B. Pushya Varman
C. Karuravarman
D. Narasankar
Answer: D. Narasankar of Nagakha in the 4th century

48.The ancient city ‘Bengmara’ is presently known as
A. Diphu
B. Sodiya
C. Tinsukia
D. Dibrugarh
Answer: C. Tinsukia

49.Which of the following is the most powerful and celebrated king of the
ancient Pragjyotisha?
A. Hatakasura
B. Sambarasura
C. Ratnasura
D. Narakasura
Answer: D. Narakasura

50.Which of the following is in the correct chronological order of the Danava
A. Mahiranga – Ghatakasura – Ratnasura – Sambarasura
B. Mahiranga – Ratnasura – Ghatakasura – Sambarasura
C. Ghatakasura – Ratnasura – Sambarasura – Mahiranga
D. Mahiranga – Sambarasura – Ratnasura – Ghatakasura
Answer: D. Mahiranga – Sambarasura – Ratnasura – Ghatakasura

51.Which people were the earliest inhabitants of Assam?
A. Khasis
B. Jayantias
C. Bodos
D. Ahoms
Answer: A. Khasis

52.Which of the following was the chief weapon of war in ancient Assam?
A. Asik
B. Parsu
C. Jada and Khatvanga
D. All of these
Answer: B. Parsu

53.The character Chand Sadagar is found in the tale of
A. Aymati
B. Usha
C. Behula
D. Sabitri
Answer: C. Behula

54.Which of the following place was famous for astrology?
A. Pragjyotishpura
B. Kamarupa
C. Charaidew
D. Saumara
Answer: A. Pragjyotishpura

55.Assam was formerly known by the name of
A. Vanga
B. Kamarupa
C. Anga
D. Vaishali
Answer: B. Kamarupa

56.Which city is called “The City of Eastern Astrology”?
A. Pragjyotishpur
B. Harupeswar
C. Sri Duriya
D. Tezpur
Answer: A. Pragjyotishpur

APSC Prelims Previous Year Questions from Pre-History Period
(Before 400 CE or 4th century)

57.One of the following books is the most important literary source for the
study of early history of Assam. Which is the book? (APSC Prelims 2001)
A. The Mahabharata
B. The Harshacharita
C. The Kalika Purana
D. The Arthashastra
Answer: C. The Kalika Purana

58.The earliest king of Assam was- (APSC Prelims 2001)
A. Mahiranga Danava
B. Narakasura
C. Bhaskaravarman
D. Naranarayana
Answer: A. Mahiranga Danava

59.The earliest historical dynasty of Assam was that of the
(APSC Prelims 2011)
A. Palas
B. Varmans
C. Narakas
D. Salastambhas
Answer: B. Varmans

60.The Buranjis are (APSC Prelims 2013)
A. Autobiographical writings of the Ahom rulers
B. Diaries written by the monarchs
C. Chronicles
D. None of the above
Answer: C. Chronicles


Ancient History Of Assam

61.In which century the ancient era of Assam began?
A. 3rd century
B. 5th century
C. 1st century
D. 4th century
Answer: D. 4th century

62.The historical account of ancient Assam begins with the establishment of
which dynasty?
A. Salian Dynasty
B. Varman Dynasty
C. Ahom Kingdom
D. Sutiya Dynasty
Answer: B. Varman Dynasty (350-650)

63.Which of the following dynasty precedes the varman dynasty?
A. Bhauma dynasty
B. Pala dynasty
C. Varman dynasty
D. Koch dynasty
Answer: A. Bhauma dynasty

64.The ancient era of Assam history began in 4th Century after the mention of
‘Kamarupa’ in:
A. Samudragupta’s Allahabad Pillar
B. Akbar’s Allahabad Fort
C. Ashoka’s coins
D. Samdragupta’s Coins
Answer: A. Samudragupta’s Allahabad Pillar

65.In the Allahabad pillar inscription, Central Assam is mentioned as?
Which region of Assam is mentioned in the Allahabad Pillar Inscription?
A. Davaka
B. Kamarupa
C. Kamatapur
D. Cooch Behar
Answer: A. Davaka

66.In the 4th century which dynasty marked the beginning of Ancient Assam?
A. Pala dynasty
B. Varman dynasty
C. Mlechchha dynasty
D. Danava dynasty
Answer: B. Varman dynasty

67.Who was the founder of the Varman Dynasty?
Or- The first known king to the Varman Dynasty was
A. Bhaskarvarman
B. Narakavarman
C. Pushyavarman
D. Mahiranga Danava
Answer: C. Pushyavarman

68.Pushyavarman established the Varman dynasty in
A. 350 AD
B. 450 AD
C. 650 AD
D. 300 AD
Answer: A. 350 AD

69.The capital of Varman Dynasty of Kamarupa Kingdom was:
A. Pragjyotishpur
B. Gargaon
C. Saraideo
D. Rangpur
Answer: A. Pragjyotishpur

70.Which king of Varman dynasty was contemporary of Samudragupta of
Gupta dynasty
A. Balavarman
B. Pushyavarman
C. Bhaskaravarman
D. Mahendravarman
Answer: B. Pushyavarman

71.What was the common language used in Kamarupa inscriptions?
A. Pali
B. Hindi
C. Bangla
D. Sanskrit
Answer: D. Sanskrit

72.What was the official language of the Varman dynasty?
A. Assamese & Bengla
B. Kamrupi Prakrit & Sanskrit
C. Rajbanshi & Nepali
D. None of the Above
Answer: B. Kamrupi Prakrit & Sanskrit

73.The earliest known historical ruler of Assam that was found about the middle
or in the latter half of the fourth century
A. Pushyavarman
B. Samudravarman
C. Bhaskaravarman
D. Bhutivarman
Answer: A. Pushyavarman

74.Which of the following Varman king was also known as Maharajadhiraja?
A. Pushyavarman
B. Mahendravarman
C. Bhaskaravarman
D. Samudravarman
Answer: A. Pushyavarman

75.Which of the following Varman King was defeated by Samudragupta in
connection with the Ashwamedha sacrifice?
A. Bhaskaravarman
B. Pushyavarman
C. Balavarman
D. Samudravarman
Answer: C. Balavarman

76.Which of the following princess of Kamarupa kingdom married king
Meghavahana of the Gonanda dynasty of Kashmir?
A. Bhogavati
B. Gandharavati
C. Amritaprabha
D. Nayanadevi
Answer: C. Amritaprabha

77.Princess Amrita Prabha, who married the prince of Kashmir Meghavahana,
was the daughter of:
A. Balavarman
B. Kalyanvarma
C. Bhaskarvarman
D. Bhutivarman
Answer: A. Balavarman

78.The earlier Varmans were subordinates of the
A. Gupta Empire
B. Maurya Empire
C. Magadh Empire
D. Mughal Empire
Answer: A. Gupta Empire

79.Who was the first king from Assam to perform ‘Ashwamedha Yagna’?
A. Pushyavarman
B. Bhaskarvarman
C. Mahendravarman
D. Bhutivarman
Answer: C. Mahendravarman

80.Which of the following Varman King performed Ashvamedha or horse
sacrifice to throw off the Gupta Empire?
A. Bhaskaravarman
B. Mahendravarman
C. Narayanavarman
D. Bhutivarman
Answer: B. Mahendravarman

81.Which king of Pragjyotishpura had taken imperialist principles?
A. Bhaskaravarman
B. Mahendravarman
C. Narayanavarman
D. Bhutivarman
Answer: B. Mahendravarman

82.Which of the following Varman King was said to have mastered the self and
well versed in the philosophy of the supreme self?
A. Mahendravarman
B. Pushyavarman
C. Kalyanvarman
D. Bhaskaravarman
Answer: A. Mahendravarman

83.The ruler of Varman dynasty, Mahabhutavarman was popularly known as
A. Bhutivarman
B. Bhaskarvarman
C. Pushyavarman
D. Mahendravarman
Answer: A. Bhutivarman

84.Who is the author of the biography ―Harsha Charita‖ where the Varman
King Mahabhutavarman is named as Bhutivarman?
A. Shudrak
B. Banabhatta
C. Visakhadatta
D. Bhas
Answer: B. Banabhatta

85.The ruler of Varman dynasty, Susthitavarman was renowned as
A. Sri-Mriganka
B. Sri-Bhaskar
C. Sri-Pushya
D. Sri-Mahendra
Answer: A. Sri-Mriganka

86.The title “Kumara Raja” was given to
A. Bhutivarman
B. Bhaskarvarman
C. Pushyavarman
D. Mahendravarman
Answer: B. Bhaskaravarman

87.Who was the contemporary of Bhaskaravarman in northern India?
A. Gopala
B. Harsavardhan
C. Samudragupta
D. Dhruvanarayana
Answer: B. Harsavardhan

88.Which Kamarupa king established friendship with Harshavardhana?
A. Balavarman
B. Bhaskarvarman
C. Pushyavarman
D. Bhutivarman
Answer: B. Bhaskaravarman

89.Who was Hangsavega?
A. An ambassador of Varman dynasty
B. A poet of Varman dynasty
C. A writer of Varman dynasty
D. A Pilgrim
Answer: A. An ambassador of Varman dynasty

90.Who was the ambassador sent by Bhaskaravarman to Harshabardhan?
A. Lachit
B. Hangsavega
C. Raktim
D. Nitipala
Answer: B. Hangsavega

91.The presents that were sent by Bhaskar Varman to Harshavardhan included
A. Kiving birds
B. Silver coins
C. Tiger‘s teeth
D. Cane articles
Answer: D. Cane articles

92.Who was the composer and writer of the Nidhanpur Copperplate Inscription?
A. Vasuvarma
B. Divakarprabha
C. Kaliya
D. Dattakarapurna
Answer: A. Vasuvarma

93.Which of the following archeologists found the seal of Bhaskaravarman
during the excavation of the ruins of Nalanda in 1917-1918?
A. Dr. Richard Meadow
B. R. D. Banerji
C. Dr. David B. Spooner
D. D. R. Sahni
Answer: C. Dr. David B. Spooner

94.What was the reason behind the issue of Nidhanpur Grant by
A. Review the land grants of Bhutivarman
B. Review the land grants of Bhaskarvarman
C. Review the land grants of Balavarman
D. Review the land grants of Pushyavarman
Answer: A. Review the land grants of Bhutivarman

95.In ancient Kamrup, “Brahmadeya” land was gifted to:
A. Gods
B. Yogis
C. Brahma
D. Brahmans
Answer: D. Brahmans

96.Bhaskar-Varman issued the famous Nidhanpur Copper-plate grant after the
battle of:
A. Pundravardhan
B. Karnasuvarna
C. Kamrup
D. Gauda
Answer: B. Karnasuvarna

97.From which of the following inscriptions, the defeat of Gauda King
Shashanka by Bhaskaravarman can be traced?
A. Nidhanpur Copperplate Inscription
B. Dubi Copperplate Inscription
C. Prayagraj Pillar
D. Da Parbatia
Answer: A. Nidhanpur Copperplate Inscription

98.Nidhanpur copperplate inscription gives detailed accounts of:
A. Family tree of the Varman Dynasty
B. Details of lands granted to Brahmins
C. Only A
D. Both A & B
Answer: D. Both A & B

99.Nidhanpur copperplate was issued by Bhaskaravarman to
A. Brahmins
B. Kacharis
C. Kamakhya Devi
D. Durga Devi
Answer: A. Brahmins

100. Which of the following is NOT a common language in the era of the
Varman dynasty?
A. Kamrupi Prakrit
B. Pali
C. Sanskrit
D. None of these
Answer: B. Pali

Assam History MCQ PDF Download

Assam History MCQ PDF All Parts


Is the questions arranged chronologically(Year wise)?

Yes, the questions are arranged in chronological order.

How many eras are there in the history of Assam?

4 era.

Can I download the Assam History MCQ PDF?

Yes, you can study in our website and it is also download it.

Is there any APSC mcq questions available?

Yes. APSC previous year questions are attached at the ending of each topic.

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